When Pedro Alvares Cabral arrived in Brazil in 1500, the Atlantic stretched throughout the Brazilian coast - and at some points reached into even the inside- a land area of ??over 1.3 million km2. Such exuberance revealed the splendor of biodiversity and the ecosystem that took account of the country.
Today, only 7% of this total, most of it in the south of Bahia. In the past 10 years, however, about 11% of the Atlantic Forest was devastated this part of Brazil. This is due to the cocoa crisis way back in 1989 by problems such as price drop and contamination by the witch's broom. To get an idea, the price per tonne of the product that came to be quoted at almost US $$ 5,000.00 in the 1970s, the early 1990s was quoted at U $$ 600, 00, this without taking into account the devaluation of the dollar in the period.
The abundance of old gave way to a series of difficulties for local producers. Workers immigrating en masse to other regions and a type of trade which did not exist in the area, began to emerge: the sawmill. Thus, the Atlantic Forest, preserved before the culture "Cabruca" - in which clean shrubs and bushes, keeping large trees to shade the cacao trees - was being ravaged daily massively.
Unlike the other types of planting cocoa beans they need to plant shade for their growth. Thus, almost all cocoa planting the in southern Bahia was made by the system known as "cabruca." Cocoa, a native of the Amazon rainforest, has adapted very well in the south of Bahia, for its climate and land, and accumulated years growing and developing with the high prices achieved by the international market. the practice of cabruca kept for many years, the Atlantic Forest in the region.
Before, no producer admitted that their trees were felled. However, with the major cocoa crisis in the region, sawmills started to arrive and thrived for over a decade, until definitely banned in early 2000. However, there is still irregular logging, to a lesser extent, and illegal trade.
Against this backdrop, originally rich in biodiversity, which emerged Camacã Design in Wood, a company with social and ecological responsibility, which aims to maintain the preservation of the Atlantic Forest through his work with deadwood and recover cacao cultivation, with the practice of cabruca.